From December 1, 2023, the certification system for persons subject to supplementary protection will begin.
◆What is the certification system for persons subject to supplementary protection?
Japan acceded to the Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees (Refugee Convention) in 1981 and the Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees in 1982. We have provided some protection. On the other hand, in recent years, many people, such as conflict refugees, are at risk of persecution due to one of the five reasons under the Refugee Convention: race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or politics. There are people who do not fall under any of the above opinions and do not fall under the category of “refugees” under the Convention, but still require protection.
As a system to ensure the protection of conflict evacuees, etc., who are not “refugees” under the Convention but should be protected in the same way as “refugees,” from December 1 of this year, a system for recognizing persons eligible for supplementary protection has been introduced. will start.
“Persons subject to supplementary protection” are persons other than refugees under the Refugee Convention, who are at risk of persecution among the requirements for refugee status, such as race, religion, nationality, or membership in a particular social group. Supplementary protected person certification procedures are procedures for examining and determining whether a foreign national falls under complementary protected person. is.